Mercedes S-class W202
1993-2000 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1.2. The general data
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Greasing system
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. Heating, ventilation
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Fuel system
+ 9. Transmission
+ 10. A running gear
+ 11. A steering
+ 12. Brake system
+ 13. A body
- 14. An electric equipment
14.1.2. Measuring devices
14.1.3. Technics of measurements
14.1.4. Electric equipment checks
14.1.5. A sound signal
14.1.6. Replacements of safety locks
+ 14.1.7. The storage battery
- 14.1.8. The generator
18.104.22.168. Diagnostics of malfunctions of the generator
+ 14.1.9. A starter
14.1.10. The traction relay
+ 14.1.11. Illumination system
14.1.13. The instrument panel
14.1.14. Lamps накаливания on the panel of devices
14.1.15. Light switch
14.1.16. A radio receiver
+ 14.1.17. The aerial
+ 14.1.19. Rubber brushes of screen wipers
14.1.20. Jets стеклоомывателя
14.1.21. Washing atomizers of headlights
14.1.22. A screen wiper and its engine
14.1.23. Protect the car
14.1.24. Anticreeping "immunodeficiency"
14.1.25. Why headlights grow dull
+ 14.2. Electroschemes
Engines of cars Mercedes of the S-class work with the three-phase generator of an alternating current. Depending on model and equipment generators of various capacity are established.
The generator is put in action by means of a cranked shaft and клинового a belt. Thus the rotor rotates approximately with the doubled frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine by means of the winding of the excitation located of inside rigidly established winding статора.
By means of coal brushes and contact rings the excitation current proceeds through an excitation winding. The electromagnetic field is thus formed. Position of an electromagnetic field constantly changes in relation to a winding статора according to rotor rotation. Thanks to it in a winding статора the three-phase current is developed. But as the storage battery can be charged only by a direct current, the three-phase current will be transformed in constant by means of the rectifier established on диодной to a payment. The pressure regulator changes зарядный a current by means of inclusion and deenergizing of a current of excitation according to degree разряженности the storage battery. Simultaneously the regulator supports to constants working pressure nearby 12 Volt irrespective of frequency of rotation.
Safety precautions at work on the alternating current generator
At work on the generator of an alternating current pay attention to points of the data below instructions. Complete dismantling and repair of the generator of an alternating current spend in a specialised repair truck.
If the additional storage battery is connected (for example, for simplification of start-up of the engine), necessarily pay attention to that identical poles of storage batteries among themselves incorporated.
At connection зарядного devices of a wire of the last connect to corresponding plugs of the storage battery. During gymnastics disconnect from plugs of the storage battery a wire from a flexible partition between a body and the engine and a positive wire.
Do not allow to work to the engine without the storage battery.
Never close накоротко plugs on the generator of an alternating current and on a regulator.
Never make переполюсовку the alternating current generator.
Check зарядного pressure of the generator
Replacement and check of coal brushes of the generator / of a regulator of pressure
The pressure regulator is built in in the holder for coal brushes. It is possible to replace coal brushes separately, for this purpose, the truth, is necessary some skill; on the average they wear out after passage by the car about 120 000 km. We recommend to replace coal brushes slightly earlier.