Mercedes S-class W202

1993-2000 of release

Repair and car operation



Mercedes W202
+ 1.2. The general data
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Greasing system
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. Heating, ventilation
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Fuel system
+ 9. Transmission
+ 10. A running gear
+ 11. A steering
+ 12. Brake system
- 13. A body
   13.2. A forward door
   13.3. A back door
   13.4. The handle of a forward door
   13.5. The handle of a back door
   13.6. A door-lock
   13.7. An internal covering of doors
   13.8. Forward стеклоподъемник
   13.9. Glass of a forward window
   13.10. Back стеклоподъемник
   13.11. Glass of a forward door
   13.12. The engine стеклоподъемника
   13.13. Perchatochnyj boxing
   13.14. A sheeting of the handle of a gear change
   13.15. A forward ashtray
   13.16. The average console
   13.17. The panel of service of heating
   13.18. An internal covering of the A-rack
   13.19. An internal covering of the S-rack
   13.20. A forward seat
   13.21. A back seat
   + 13.22. The central lock
   13.23. The external mirror / has flown down mirrors
   13.24. A covering under the instrument panel
   13.25. A forward bumper
   13.26. A back bumper
   13.27. An internal wing of the car
   13.28. A car wing
   13.29. A lattice of a radiator / emblem Mercedes
   13.30. Draught of a cowl of the engine
   13.31. A covering under a windscreen
   13.32. The device of giving of air for salon heating
   13.33. A catchment basin
   13.34. A paint and varnish covering
   13.35. Metal corrosion
   13.36. An automake-up
   13.37. What creaks?
   13.38. The hatch
+ 14. An electric equipment
+ 14.2. Electroschemes











13.38. The hatch
THE GENERAL DATA

"Keep feet in the warm, and a head in a cold", is a popular expression it is known to much, here only adhere to it not all. But physicians urgently recommend to motorists to add a good advice to the arsenal and prove the recommendations from the scientific point of view: the temperature of air at a head of the driver should be on 6–7 With more low, than at feet. Thereby the thermal comfort at which the driver gets tired less is reached, reacts to change of surrounding conditions is better.

To reach such difference of temperatures, basically, simply, it is enough to establish the conditioner in the car. But the device недешев, and in service is a little whimsical. It is possible поманипулировать glasses of windows, but optimum result to achieve hardly it will be possible. From small щелочки effect any, and in well slightly opened window – here not before difference of temperatures the wind rushes into 6–7 degrees, especially in the winter.

The hatch can become the conciliatory proposal. Thanks to it it is possible to improve a microclimate of your car essentially.

At movement speed of an air stream over the car is great enough. Inside salon it practically is absent. Accordingly, pressure of air in salon is more. But it is necessary hardly to slightly open the hatch as air from within will start to be extended. It is easy for checking up, having lighted in "залюкованном" the car. The smoke from a cigarette a stream will start to come to light, without leaving in salon even a smell. And it should affect a microclimate in the car (and in direct, and figuratively), especially, when in it are smoking and non-smoking.

Because in salon of the car with the hatch there is an intensive exchange of air, the heater here too works in the winter more effectively, providing necessary temperature balance.

Except all mentioned, it is possible to note one more important thing. In case of road accident when the exit from the car through regular doors and windows is complicated or impossible, it is possible to take advantage of the hatch as an emergency exit.

By the way, have noticed? Oddish, by sight linguists, the word "залюкованный" has entered into a lexicon of motorists thoroughly enough and in anybody any more does not cause bewilderment. As, however, and the hatch in the car roof, considered first a limit of luxury and an accessory only very expensive foreign cars.

What hatches happen?

Conditionally they can be divided into two classes. The first are hatches which are established on the car on manufacturer. They, as a rule, are opaque (though there are exceptions), and in open position the cover hides under a ceiling covering. There are especially "heaped up", consisting of two halves and providing some operating modes: air fence, an extract, the strengthened extract. A drive at them in most cases either mechanical (manually), or already electrified.

The second class concern врезные hatches. They can be seen on the majority both import, and our cars. They, as a rule, differ from "firm" a transparent cover and one position at which of the car there is an extract внутрисалонного air. (Though there are models which allow to uncover and enjoy completely the open sky over a head. But about it a bit later.)

Than are good врезные hatches? Conclusive advantage considers that they are unified: to establish this miracle it is possible on any car, from Cadillac to "Zaporozhtsa". Process of installation does not occupy a lot of time, naturally, in the presence of skills. At the expert on it leaves hour ones and a half-two. The hatch complete set includes a paper template on which the window in a ceiling is cut out. Psychologically procedure, of course, not from pleasant – on the new car open a roof, as a can. However, at all on new (namely such "democratism" differ врезные hatches). But the anticipation of advantages of this simple device should overcome sincere discomfort.

After "skin" is removed, the roof amplifier leaves, to tell more precisely, that its part which has got to "a window" aperture. To it on change the framework of the hatch which at all consults with the duties is worse further comes. Penultimate action is removal of a part of an upholstery of a ceiling. And in summary – the installation of the hatch which is bearing a faint resemblance to assemblage пялец for embroidery on a fabric. After that it is not recommended to use the hatch within three days: hermetic which apply at installation, should fall asleep. (If you had to face "covers" – so name hatches on сленге, – which flow, it occurs that last requirement is not fulfilled.)

With what happen врезные hatches? The choice here, however, as well as disorder of the prices, is great: from the most simple, opening in one position and managing to the owners in $180 together with installation, to "heaped up" electric for $700 with the same installation.

But the most optimum variant, in our opinion, – installation of the hatch opening discretely, in some fixed positions, and providing the open corner most suitable in a concrete case. Usually these "covers" have from two to four fixed positions or a mechanical drive in the form of the rotating handle.

In the majority hatches are executed from the blacked out glass. But sometimes even such protection does not suffice, especially, when the sun in zenith. In this case can help sun-protection шторки which are included into the complete set of some "covers".

There are hatches which not simply provide an extract of air from salon, but also are demountable. Such variant will suit fans of a safari. In the open hatch it is possible to be put out either with a gun, or with the camera. Only in the car it is necessary to prepare in advance a place for removed "cover". It though is executed from каленого, and sometimes and the glass reinforced by a microwire, nevertheless demands the accurate reference.

Most expensive and labour-consuming at installation it is considered the electric hatch. If it not сдвижной the principle of its work differs nothing from others, simply process of opening is entrusted an electromotor. By and large – overindulgence, but in the presence of the firm alarm system (providing at statement on protection lock-out of all glasses) you any more will not forget to close the hatch, it it will make.

Сдвижной the hatch gives to owners much more ample opportunities. It is possible to tell, the sum of taken all together. Here only in the shifted condition it bears a faint resemblance обтекатель on the main tractor. Though it can be convenient addition for the car to which often should drag the trailer-summer residence. In the car not hot, and the economy of fuel is available. Has pressed the button – and it is ready. However, the price in $700 bites a little. However everyone is free to choose. As a healthy microclimate in the car – not luxury, and necessity.

Variants of hatches

THE NAME
THE COUNTRY -
THE MANUFACTURER
FEATURES OF THE DESIGN
THE PRICE WITH INSTALLATION (USD)
Nakita
Hungary
2 positions otkr.-zakr.
180
Nakita Extra
Hungary
3 fix. Positions, demountable glass
220
Air Light
Italy
4 fix. Positions, demountable glass
260
Iceland
France
4 fix. Positions, demountable glass
270
Galileo
France
вращающ. The handle, demountable glass
280
Galileo
France
вращающ. The handle, demountable glass, шторки
300
Brezza
Italy
The electric drive
700