Mercedes S-class W202

1993-2000 of release

Repair and car operation



Mercedes W202
+ 1.2. The general data
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Greasing system
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. Heating, ventilation
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Fuel system
+ 9. Transmission
- 10. A running gear
   + 10.1.2. Shock-absorbers
   + 10.1.3. Forward springs
   10.1.4. The stabilizer of cross-section stability
   + 10.2. The back bridge
   10.3. What for the shock-absorber is necessary
   10.4. Types of shock-absorbers
   10.5. Additional protection of spherical hinges of steering draughts
   10.6. "Artful" bolts and nuts
+ 11. A steering
+ 12. Brake system
+ 13. A body
+ 14. An electric equipment
+ 14.2. Electroschemes







10.4. Types of shock-absorbers
THE GENERAL DATA

Shock-absorbers on a design share on two basic types: two-trumpet and one-trumpet shock-absorbers.

The one-trumpet shock-absorber:

1. Atmospheric pressure.

2. The valve regulating resistance to compression.

3. The valve regulating resistance to a stretching.

4. Перепускные the valve.

The two-trumpet shock-absorber

1. Atmospheric pressure.

2. The reserve chamber.

3. Base однотрубна system.

Демпфер – the additional weight which provides пружинистость and muffles vehicle fluctuations. Демпфер assimilates fluctuations of the basic system, that is, the basic system stops to vibrate – movement is limited by a vibration absorber. Демпферы minimise case movements. In quality демпферного an element it can be used; as a liquid – (oil shock-absorbers), and gas (gas shock-absorbers).

The one-trumpet shock-absorber is characterised by high degree of reliability, low sensitivity to overloads, noncriticality to installation position. It is necessary to carry dependence of degree of clearing on compression parametres (which in last workings out compensate installation additional перепускных valves in the piston) to lacks and that the one-trumpet shock-absorber is амортизаторо long type.

The two-trumpet shock-absorber is technologically known as atmospheric type of a double pipe working at low pressure.

Advantages: insensitive to external damages. Here, unlike the one-trumpet shock-absorber, mechanical influences can be accepted and the external pipe, the verified position of the machine tool is limited by area of a design of a body. It is short type of the shock-absorber as the balance chamber is located behind the working cylinder.

Lacks: the shock-absorber is sensitive to an overload (демпфирование stops). Certain positions of installation, прецезионная accuracy of the coordination of diameters of pipes are possible only.

Characteristics демпфирования grow out of total function демпфирования an aperture and the valve loaded by a spring which closes the channel; the spring answers pressure, increasing the free aperture of an aperture of an exit. The aperture of the piston and a spring can specially adapt to provide linearity and softness of function of clearing. The internal mechanism of regulation is used to receive some performance data for the separate shock-absorber. Values of degree of compression – it is frequent only 30... 50 % from ability of return.

Shock-absorbers with the elektronno-regulated characteristic (active completion) are used to expand a range of comfort of movement and to increase safety. Management in parametres демпфирования, on the other hand, leads to a communication establishment between comfort and safety.